Friday, 9 August 2013

Versailles, Lully, the king, the music and the dance

























Grand Century is one of the richest in the history of France, which takes place during the reign of Louis XIV period. The seventeenth century is so called because during this period the great kingdom of France dominates or, failing that, lasting brand in Europe and even the world, thanks to its powerful army but also and especially by its very important cultural influence: indeed all the courts of Europe in search of radiation, whether royal or princely, take to the court of the model "Sun King" and its attributes, such as language, art and French literature.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Si%C3%A8cle_%28histoire_de_France%29



Д  Versailles 


The Palace of Versailles (/vɛərˈs/ vair-sy or /vərˈs/ vər-syFrench: [vɛʁˈsɑj]), or simply Versailles, is a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France region of France. In French it is the Château de Versailles.
When the château was built, Versailles was a country village; today, however, it is a wealthy suburb ofParis, some 20 kilometres southwest of the French capital. The court of Versailles was the centre of political power in France from 1682, when Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789 after the beginning of the French Revolution. Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime.


     Ф  Louis XIV


Louis XIV (5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi-Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1643 until his death.[1] His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of monarchs of major countries in European history.[2]
Louis began his personal rule of France in 1661 after the death of his chief minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin.[3] An adherent of the theory of the divine right of kings, which advocates the divine origin of monarchical rule, Louis continued his predecessors' work of creating a centralized state governed from the capital. He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism persisting in parts of France and, by compelling many members of the nobility to inhabit his lavish Palace of Versailles, succeeded in pacifying the aristocracy, many members of which had participated in the Fronde rebellion during Louis's minority.

Read more...   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XIV_of_France


In Video 
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FI0myrpevU8

The 17th Century, the Sun King (Kings, Artists, Timeline ...)



Ф
  Jean-Baptiste Lully

Jean-Baptiste Lully French pronunciation: ​[ʒã.ba.tist ly.li]ItalianGiovanni Battista Lulli; 28 November 1632 – 22 March 1687) was a Florentine-born French composer who spent most of his life working in the court of Louis XIV of France. He is considered the chief master of the French baroque style. Lully disavowed any Italian influence in French music of the period. He became a French subject in 1661.

Giovanni Battista Lulli was born in FlorenceGrand Duchy of Tuscany, to a family of millers. His general education and his musical training during his youth in Florence remain uncertain, but his adult handwriting suggests that he manipulated a quill pen with ease. He used to say that a Franciscan friar gave him his first music lessons and taught him guitar.[1] He also learned to play the violin. In 1646, dressed as Harlequin during Mardi Gras and amusing bystanders with his clowning and his violin, the boy attracted the attention of Roger de Lorraine, chevalier de Guise, son of Charles, Duke of Guise, who was returning to France and was looking for someone to talk Italian with his niece, Mademoiselle de Montpensier (la Grande Mademoiselle). Guise took the boy to Paris, where the fourteen year-old entered Mademoiselle's service; from 1647 to 1652 he served as her "chamber boy" (garçon de chambre).[2] He probably honed his musical skills by working with Mademoiselle's household musicians and with composers Nicolas MétruFrançois Roberday and Nicolas Gigault. The teenager's talents as a guitarist, violinist, and dancer quickly won him the nicknames "Baptiste", and "le grand baladinline-height: 19.200000762939453px;">" (great street-artist).[3]

Read more...   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Baptiste_Lully


 In Video
 His Biography
His work (partitions and works)
    http://sites.estvideo.net/arp/index.htm


The Music in times of the kings:

The music played for kings, the court has always expressed the feelings, emotions and ideals of the time, the time for them, composers have created works for their awakenings their meals, their amusements, here a few below:

    Concert for king Louis XIII in 1627
    The center of Baroque Music in Versailles play Lully
    The New York Dance Baroque Compagny, « Entrée d'Appollon », overview of dance in the times of kings
    Music for the sunset King

The music in Renaissance times (1400-1500-1600)
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musique_de_la_Renaissance

The festivities and dances
http://chandt.blogspot.fr/2012/02/festivities-and-dances_11.html



The reports about Kings:

Д  The passions of Louis XIV, secret history on France 2 TV
Д  The king Louis XV, le soleil noir, a french television serie coproduced by France 2 TV, les films d'ici production, etc.. in 9 parts...
  Excerpt of film "Le Roi danse"
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lps1vtQilXk

  Reports on Versailles ;

  Museum of National History presents the crown jewels
  On France 2 TV, secrets of king
  The scenes of the Castle of Versailles
  Restauration of petit Trianon

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