The concept of intangible cultural heritage emerged in the early 1990s, after the 1989 recommendations on the protection of traditional cultures, and in counterpoint to the World Heritage turned mainly to the material aspects of culture.
In 1997 was held in Marrakech, at the initiative of Moroccan intellectuals and UNESCO, a meeting which has been defined the concept of "oral heritage of humanity", and decided to establish a distinction for the preservation and enhancement of the "masterpieces" of this heritage.
This distinction called "Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity" 1 has been granted for the first time in 2001 after thorough study, an initial list of heritage nominations from the States. A new list is drawn up every two years by an international jury. The masterpieces proposed to be a living cultural expression or threatened. They must also be programs for the preservation and promotion, being on the list of UNESCO is not an absolute guarantee of protection.
In 2003 the Member States of UNESCO adopted the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural immatériel2. It entered into force in April 2006 and the first General Assembly3 held in June 2006. The operational guidelines of the Convention are given by the intergouvernemental4. With the entry into force of the Convention, the proclamation of the program has ended. Like the World Heritage List were created, a representative list and a list of Urgent Safeguarding, which were placed above the masterpieces proclaimed, and where new items are listed each year since 20085.
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Rural heritage, also known as local heritage and, without minimizing the least culturally significant, small heritage, can be defined broadly as all tangible and intangible cultural and natural heritage, transmitted between generations in rural areas. Cultural heritage is so rural areas as diverse as all the human sciences, history and archeology, architecture and the arts, oral traditions, festive, know-how, etc., as well as the all the natural sciences: biology, ecology, agronomy, landscaping, etc..
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It is defined as all assets, tangible or intangible, having an important artistic and / or certain history, and who belong either to a private entity (person, company, association, etc..) Or a public entity (common , county, state, country, etc.). this set is generally preserved, restored, preserved and displayed to the public, or in exceptional cases (such as the European Heritage Days which take place one weekend in September), either regular (castle, museum, church, etc..), free or at contrairehttp: / / www.blogger.com / img / blank.gif moyennnant an entrance fee and access fee.
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To go to the Castles, the events, the shows, the tourism, the dungeons, the remains,....