Friday, 5 August 2011
The stately home
The stately home, also known more commonly home is in the Middle Ages to the late eleventh century to the mid fifteenth century, a large building located mostly in the backyard of a fortress, and for the exclusive use of the lord and his family.
By extension, the terms of the house, manor , or big house désignèrent later the residence of the master of a fortified farm (sometimes alone), such as the home of the twelfth century it is possible to find again, particularly in England, Normandy and Spain.
Today, the existence of a former "home" may, by its isolation, by the destruction of buildings and the walls surrounding the origin, and successive amendments over time for the comfort of housing or "recycling" in farm building, away from the sight of the traveler.
The owner of the house - a knight, baron, count, duke or king ... in this case we speak of "Royal House", second homes used as pied-à-terre in travel related to the control of the kingdom (inspection), or leisure (rest, hunting) - was used as:
* Place of residence (for himself, his family and his fellow soldiers) in times of peace. In case of threat or conflict, they took refuge in the high court or the dungeon, if there was one. The smallest stately home did not have to only fortifications that buttresses of frames with double thickness of walls and moats surrounding can be supplied with water. For this reason, the house was often built near a river (or a source for simple matters of everyday life).
* Meeting room, for receiving his vassals and other guests, taking all decisions in the Great Hall or "aula" in Latin (declaration of war, preparing for a battle, Economic Management possessions ...). In the Great Hall of Caen ("Room of the board"), Richard the Lion Heart, King of England and Duke of Normandy, gathers his barons before leaving for the Crusade.
* Court, if there were conflicts on its land on the common people or men of high rank. These conflicts could be resolved only through the mediator, namely, "the lord", which alone had a court order.
* Reception hall, where all the ceremonies took place (dubbing, marriage, religious holidays ...). Torigni Robert, abbot of Mont-Saint-Michel, reports that in 1182 more than a thousand knights were present to celebrate Christmas in the hall of the Exchequer, the Great Hall of the castle of Caen.
* Place of worship, while "stately home" of any size with a room converted into a chapel annex.
* Cash Room, where the various taxes were collected.
A path near another Castles...
- Somes Castles:
- Tourism Office:
- The Ile de France region in Pictures: