Friday, 5 August 2011
The construction of these buildings dates back often in the fifteenth century or the sixteenth century, that is to say, the century following the end of the Hundred Years War, showing a renewed prosperity, even if still in the grip of fear disorders.
A manor generally had the appearance similar to a fortified house or a castle consists of a main building and outbuildings forming the wings surrounded by fields, farms, pastures and woods. This was by no means a building for military purposes, not a castle, since it was banned in vassal of the master of the house equipped with towers and a dungeon.
By extension, the term "manor" could refer to any mansion or pleasure, of any size surrounded by farmland, in any case remarkable among all the other houses, "huts" or "cottages" occupied by the little people, the peasants, later known as "laborers."
More rarely still, old documents, parts, refer to "no manor clusters", meaning a land without a house (farmhouse or hut Maisières), because sometimes destroyed for an indefinite period.
The field of the manor was largely self-sufficient and did some trade surplus with other manors to buy some products if rare. At the mercy of market development in the cities of medieval mansions began to specialize in certain products: cheese, pork, wine, cereal crops or vegetables, etc..
The "master" held the manor with his family, some servants and servants.
The population of the area consisted mainly of peasants (that is to say, commoners). The land was originally inhabited mostly serfs who spent much of their time working the lord's land in exchange for his protection. The serfs owned or operated for a living just a few strips of land in the fields of the manor. If the serf was not a slave, he was not provided free. He could not marry, change jobs or leave the manor without the permission of his lord, but he still had some rights. Its status was hereditary and thus transmitted to its offspring. The land it could not be happy in that he fulfilled his obligations towards his master. If the relationship between lord and vassal can seem comparable to serf and lord, the Middle Ages was a clear distinction between an honorable contract to provide military service to the Lord and the simple work done by the serf.
Agricultural engineering has still ended up transforming the lives of serfs of the Middle Ages. Agricultural yields have increased over time, which made it possible to trade surplus and released. From there, the serfs gradually got the means to buy their freedom. Yet while the eve of the nineteenth century, just before the Revolution, Western Europe had only little serfs, the mass of rural people, sometimes even face starvation, lived locally in a state of extreme dependency , social and 'political' vis-à-vis the powerful of the manor (serfdom persisted in Germany until the late nineteenth century and is one of the causes of emigration of the population can redeem his right to leave a land).
A path near another Castles...
- Somes Castles:
- Tourism Office:
- The Ile de France region in Pictures: